【How about traveling on January 16, 2019】Healthy China Action|2030|Latest Policy|

The people are the symbol of national prosperity and national prosperity. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, my country's health services have made remarkable achievements, the level of medical and health services has been greatly improved, and the main indicators of residents are generally better than the average level of middle-income countries. With the development of industrialization, urbanization, population aging, and changes in the ecological environment and lifestyle, chronic non-communicable diseases (hereinafter referred to as chronic diseases) have become the main cause of death and disease burden for residents. The burden of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and chronic diseases of diabetes accounted for more than 70% of the total disease burden, which became factors restricting the increase of life expectancy. At the same time, the prevention and control of hepatitis, tuberculosis, and AIDS infectious diseases, mental health, occupational, and endemic diseases cannot be ignored, and accidents in production safety and traffic accidents occur from time to time. The Nineteenth Party has made a decision-making arrangement for implementing China's strategy, which fully reflects the determination to safeguard the people. Actively respond to the current outstanding problems, move the threshold forward, take effective intervention measures, and strive to make the masses sick and sick, improve the quality of life, and prolong life. This is a low-cost performance strategy, a realistic way to solve current problems, and a strategic move by China. To this end, the "China Action (2019-2030)" (hereinafter referred to as "China Action") was formulated.

Guided by Xi Jinping's thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the era, fully implement the spirit of the 19th and 19th 2nd and 3rd Plenary Sessions of the Party, conscientiously implement the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, adhere to the people-centered development thinking, establish the concept of "health and health", and adhere to the principle of prevention Combining the principle of advocacy and prevention, focusing on the grassroots level, driving force for reform and innovation, emphasizing both Chinese and Western medicine, integrating all policies, diseases and some prominent problems, focusing on key groups, implementing a series of actions, coordinating the promotion of the government, society and individuals, establishing a sound education system, and guiding The masses establish a correct view, form a favorable lifestyle, ecological environment and social environment, promote the transformation of the treatment center from the center, and improve the people's level.

—— Popularize knowledge. Improving literacy is the premise of improving the whole people, and the characteristics of the population should be targeted to strengthen education and promotion, so that knowledge, behavior and skills can become the quality and ability of the whole people, so that everyone can have literacy.

– Participate in action. Advocate the concept that everyone is their own primary responsibility, inspire residents, pursue enthusiasm, develop a lifestyle that suits their own and family characteristics, reasonable diet, scientific exercise, smoking cessation, alcohol restriction, and psychology, so as to realize life sickness.

–Provide services. Promote structural reforms on the service supply side, improve prevention and treatment strategies, institutional arrangements, and security policies, strengthen the connection between medical security policies and public health policies, provide systematic prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and promotion integrated services, and improve service fairness, accessibility, and effectiveness. Sex, to achieve early diagnosis and early rehabilitation.

–extend your life. Strengthen cross-departmental collaboration, encourage and guide units, communities, families, and individual residents to take action, take effective interventions in major problems and influencing factors, form a situation where the government actively leads, society participates, and individuals are autonomous and self-disciplined, and life expectancy continues to increase.

By 2022, the promotion policy system covering all relevant economic and social fields will be basically established, the level of literacy of the whole people will be improved, the promotion of lifestyle will be accelerated, the rising trend of the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes and chronic diseases will be curbed, and key infectious diseases will be curbed. , Mental disorders, endemic diseases, and occupational diseases have been prevented and controlled, the risk of disability and death has been reduced, and the health status of key populations has improved.

By 2030, the literacy level of the whole people will be improved, the lifestyle will be basically popularized, the main influencing factors of residents will be controlled, the premature mortality caused by chronic diseases will be significantly reduced, the average life expectancy will be improved, the main indicators of residents will enter the ranks of income countries, and fairness will be basically realized. The relevant objectives of the "China 2030" Planning Outline.

Note: (1) Relevant survey data in this document, instructions, main official sampling survey statistics; (2) In this main indicator table, write the baseline level value of the year, the value in 2017; (3) #2020 target value.

Everyone is the first person responsible for themselves, and the family and society are responsible. Popularizing knowledge and improving the quality of the whole people is one of the economic measures to improve the level of the whole people. At present, the overall level of literacy of Chinese residents remains low. In 2017, the literacy level of residents was only 14.18%. Urban and rural residents lack knowledge and skills in disease prevention, early detection, rescue, timely medical treatment, rational use of medicines, emergency avoidance and maintenance, and their lifestyles are common. Scientific popularization of knowledge and improvement of literacy will help improve residents' self-management ability and level. "Chinese Citizen Literacy-Basic Knowledge and Skills" defines the specific content of the current literacy, which is the knowledge and skills that citizens should master.

1. Correct understanding. Including physical health, mental health and social adaptability. Genetic factors, environmental factors, personal lifestyle and medical and health services are the main factors affecting it. Everyone is the first person responsible for themselves, advocate active learning of knowledge, develop a way of life, maintain and promote themselves, understand the natural laws of life, old age, illness and death, understand the limitations of medical technology, and respond to problems with medicine and medical personnel.

2. Develop a civilized lifestyle. Pay attention to diet, daily life, combination of movement and stillness, and mentality. Pay attention to personal hygiene, environmental hygiene, food hygiene, wash your hands frequently, take a bath, brush your teeth in the morning and evening, rinse your mouth after meals, share towels and toiletries, spit anywhere, and cover your mouth and nose with your arms or tissues when coughing or sneezing. No bad habits, smoking, smokers quit smoking, drinking, alcoholism, refusing drugs. Actively participate in beneficial cultural and sports activities and social activities. Pay attention to and record your own health status, and conduct regular physical examinations. Actively participate in voluntary blood donation. Adults donate 400ml of blood each time. It does not affect others and can help others. The interval between two blood donations is 6 months.

3. Focus on information. Study, understand, master, and apply "Chinese Citizenship – Basic Knowledge and Skills" and TCM health care knowledge. Be proactive in obtaining relevant information when you encounter problems. Improve the ability to understand, identify, and apply information, and give priority to health administrative departments, government departments, and medical and health professional institutions to acquire knowledge.

4. Master the necessary skills. Can measure body temperature and pulse; be able to read food, medicine, cosmetics, health product labels and instructions; learn to recognize danger signs, such as high pressure, flammable, explosive, highly toxic, radioactive, biosafety, and stay away from dangerous objects. Actively participate in escape first aid training, learn basic escape skills and first aid skills; dial 120 emergency number when medical assistance is needed; stop bleeding and bandage when traumatic bleeding occurs; do not move patients suspected of fractures; Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; when rescuing an electrocuted person, cut off the power supply and do not directly touch the electrocuted person; in case of fire, call the fire alarm number 119, isolate the smoke, cover the mouth and nose with a wet towel, and escape. Apply TCM health care techniques and methods to carry out self-help TCM intervention.

5. Seek medical treatment scientifically. Usually take the initiative to contact general practitioners and family doctors. When encountering problems, go to medical institutions for diagnosis and treatment in time to avoid delaying the best time for treatment. Conditions and doctor's advice, choose medical institutions for medical treatment, primary medical and health institutions are the first choice for diagnosis and treatment of minor illnesses, and hospitals for serious illnesses. Treat according to the doctor's advice, believe in folk remedies, and believe in "magic doctors and medicines".

6. Rational use of drugs. Follow the doctor's advice, use the drug in the right amount, and consult a doctor or pharmacist in time if necessary during the medication process. Take the initiative to show the records of the drugs you are using and the history of drug allergy to the doctor or pharmacist every time you visit the doctor, so as to avoid the occurrence of medication or interaction events. Check the expiry date of the medicine before taking the medicine, use the expired medicine, and keep the expired medicine in the family in time. Properly store medicines, beware of children's contact and ingestion. Health food is not medicine, choose health food correctly.

7. Create a family environment. Family members take the initiative to learn knowledge, establish ideas, develop lifestyles, remind regular physical examinations, prenatal and postnatal care, love and respect the elderly, family, advocate public morality, neighbors help each other, and support public welfare. Families with infants, young children, the elderly, and disabled persons take the initiative to participate in nursing training to master relevant nursing knowledge and skills. Advocate families with patients with digestive tract diseases to implement a meal-sharing system. Families with a family medical history should take preventive care in a targeted manner. Equipped with a household first aid kit (including first aid medicine, first aid equipment and first aid consumables).

3. Establish an incentive and restraint mechanism to encourage medical and health institutions and medical personnel to promote education, and mobilize the enthusiasm of medical personnel to participate in the promotion of education. Promote education work to be included in the performance assessment of medical institutions at all levels and types, and into the evaluation of medical personnel's professional title and performance assessment. Improve medical insurance payment policies, and encourage grassroots medical institutions and family contracted doctor teams to provide management services. Encourage and guide individuals to practice lifestyles and strengthen personal management. (The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the Health Commission take the lead, and the Medical Insurance Bureau is responsible)

5. Mobilize social forces to participate in knowledge dissemination. Encourage health industry associations and associations to organize experts to carry out various forms of science popularization activities for the public and training for institutions. All communities and units should popularize the knowledge of residents and employees as a job, and organize lectures and dissemination activities in combination with the main problems of residents and employees. Strengthen the promotion of population literacy in poverty-stricken areas. (The Health Commission takes the lead, and the Bureau of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, the All-China Women's Federation, and the China Association for Science and Technology are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

7. Promote the construction of counties (districts) and strive to improve the quality of residents. Every year, the country chooses a theme closely related to the masses to carry out the "China Tour" publicity and education activities. Carry out the activity of "Traditional Chinese Medicine in China" to promote the popularization of Chinese medicine culture and spread the knowledge of traditional Chinese medicine health care. Promote the nationwide lifestyle action and strengthen lifestyle guidance and intervention for families and individuals at risk. (The Health Commission and the Bureau of Traditional Chinese Medicine take the lead, and the China Association for Science and Technology is responsible)

Reasonable diet is the basis of guarantee. In recent years, the nutrition and health status of Chinese residents has improved significantly, but they are facing the problems of coexistence of overnutrition and frequent occurrence of nutrition-related diseases. According to the survey in 2012, the per capita daily salt intake of Chinese residents is 10.5g (5g recommended by the World Health Organization); ") The recommended standard is 25-30g per day); the proportion of energy provided by dietary fat for residents reaches 32.9% (the upper limit of the recommended value in the "Dietary Guidelines" is 30.0%). At present, the per capita daily intake of added sugar (mainly sucrose, namely "white sugar" and "brown sugar") in my country is 30g, and the intake of children and adolescents deserves great attention. According to the survey in 2014, for children and adolescents aged 3 to 17 who often drink beverages, the intake of added sugar in beverages provides more than 5% of the total energy, and urban children are higher than rural children, and the trend is on the rise (the World Health Organization recommends adding Sugar intake is less than 10% of total energy, and is encouraged to be controlled to less than 5% or more than 25g). At the same time, from 2010 to 2012, the malnutrition rate of adults in my country was 6%; in 2013, the growth rate of children under 5 years old was 8.1%, the anemia rate of pregnant women, children, and the elderly, and trace amounts of calcium, iron, vitamin A, and vitamin D Nutrient deficiency exists, dietary fiber intake.

Salt, high-sugar, and high-fat diets are risk factors for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, diabetes and other metabolic diseases and tumors. The results of the 2016 Global Burden of Disease Study showed that dietary factors accounted for 15.9% of the disease burden, becoming a risk factor affecting the population. In 2012, the national overweight rate of adults aged 18 and over was 30.1%, and the obesity rate was 11.9%, an increase of 32.0% and 67.6% compared with 2002; the overweight rate of children and adolescents aged 6-17 was 9.6%, and the obesity rate was 6.4%. Compared with the increase of 1 times and 2 times. A reasonable diet and reducing daily intake of edible oil, salt, and sugar can help reduce the risk of diabetes, hypertension, stroke, and coronary heart disease.

By 2022 and 2030, the growth rate of adults will continue to slow down; the awareness rate of residents' nutrition knowledge will increase by 10% from 2019 and 2022; the growth rate of children under 5 years old will be lower than 7% and 5%, and the anemia rate Lower than 12% and 10%, the anemia rate of pregnant women is lower than 14% and 10%; the coverage rate of qualified iodized salt reaches 90% and above; the fat energy supply ratio of adults drops to 32% and 30%; 1 person is equipped for every 10,000 people Nutrition instructor; implement the nutrition improvement plan for rural compulsory education students and the nutrition improvement project for children in poverty-stricken areas; implement the basic nutrition standards for food safety, and promote the construction of the nutrition standard system.

It is recommended that the per capita daily salt intake be higher than 5g, the per capita daily edible oil intake of adults be higher than 25-30g, the per capita daily added sugar intake be higher than 25g, and the daily intake of vegetables and fruits be lower than 500g , Daily intake of 12 kinds of food, 25 kinds of food per week; adults maintain body weight, body mass index (BMI) is controlled at 18.5-24 kg/㎡; adult male waist circumference is less than 85cm, and female is less than 80cm.

1. Crowd. Learn the scientific knowledge of Chinese residents' diet, use Chinese residents' dietary pagoda, dietary plate support tools, and reasonably match food with personal characteristics. The daily diet includes cereals and potatoes, vegetables and fruits, livestock, poultry, fish, eggs, milk, soybeans and nuts, with more than 12 kinds of food per day and more than 25 kinds of food per week. Foods that cannot be eaten raw should be cooked before eating; vegetables and fruits eaten raw should be washed. Raw and cooked food should be stored and processed separately. When eating, it is advisable to chew slowly, maintain your mood, and not eat too much, but you should pay attention to avoid excessive dieting that affects nutrient intake. Eat fatty, smoked and cured meats, eat salty and fried foods, and limit your intake of added sugars. Drink plenty of water, 7-8 cups (1500-1700ml) per day for adults. It is recommended to drink boiled water or tea, and drink sugary drinks; children and teenagers, pregnant women, and nursing mothers should drink alcohol.

2. Overweight (24 kg/m2≤BMI<28 kg/m2), (BMI≥28 kg/m2) adult population. Reduce energy intake, increase the proportion of fresh vegetables and fruits in the diet, and choose foods rich in high-quality protein (such as lean meat, fish, egg whites and beans). Avoid fatty and fried foods, snack and sweet foods, and drink or drink sugary drinks. Eat regularly, don't skip meals, overeating, seven or eight points.

3. People with anemia and malnutrition. It is recommended to increase the intake of lean meat, milk eggs, soybeans and soy products on the basis of a reasonable diet, maintain dietary diversity, and meet the body's nutritional requirements for protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and folic acid; increase Iron-containing food intake or iron supplementation under the guidance of a doctor can correct anemia.

4. Pregnant women and families with infants and young children. It is recommended to learn about the diet of pregnant women, breastfeeding women and infant feeding, and pay attention to nutrition in the first 1000 days of life (from the beginning of pregnancy to 2 years after the baby is born). Pregnant women should eat iron-containing foods, increase animal foods and seafood rich in high-quality protein and vitamin A, and use iodized salt to ensure adequate intake of iron, iodine, and folic acid during pregnancy. Breastfeeding for 6 months, infants and young children aged 6 to 24 months should be supplemented reasonably.

2. Give full play to the role of mental health medical institutions, carry out mental health knowledge and skill training for medical staff in various clinical departments, popularize the application of psychological counseling and treatment techniques in clinical diagnosis and treatment, and improve the screening of psychological and behavioral problems and mental disorders in patients with cognitive impairment, autism, and mental disorders. Investigate, identify, and dispose of. Promote the application of traditional Chinese medicine psychological adjustment techniques and methods in clinical diagnosis and treatment.

1. Promote the normalization of publicity and education activities on nutrition science, and encourage the society to participate in the national nutrition week and "three reductions and three" (reduction of salt, oil, sugar, oral cavity, weight, and bones) publicity and education activities. Promote the use of the "three pieces" (limited salt spoon, limited oil pot and waist scale), increase household popularity, and encourage professional industry organizations to guide families to use them correctly. Research and formulate guidelines for the intake of added sucrose for children in my country, and advocate natural sweeteners and sweetened beverages to replace drinking.

2. Strengthen the knowledge guidance on nutrition labeling of food enterprises, guide consumers to correctly read nutrition labels, and increase residents' awareness of nutrition labels. Consumers are encouraged to reduce their sucrose intake. Advocate food producers and operators to use food safety standards to allow the use of natural sweeteners and sweeteners to replace sucrose. Scientifically reduce sucrose content in processed foods. Advocate urban populations with high sugar intake to reduce consumption of sucrose-containing beverages and sweets, and choose natural sweeteners and sweeteners to replace sucrose in the production of beverages and food.

3. Encourage the production and sale of sodium salt, and promote its use under the guidance of experts. Do a good job of prompting and warning for people who use sodium with caution (workers at high temperature, workers with physical labor intensity, people with renal dysfunction, and people with potassium intake in hypertensive patients taking antihypertensive drugs). Guide enterprises to take measures to control the amount of salt and edible oil used in production and sales (such as giving 2g measuring spoons in salt bags, producing limited oil pots and oil pots with scales), and encouraging places where conditions permit to pilot them first. Encourage stores (supermarkets) to set up special counters for fat, salt, and low-sugar foods.

4. Encourage canteens and restaurants to be equipped with full-time and part-time nutritionists, and regularly manage and train employees in nutrition, diet and food safety-related skills training and assessment; publish recipes in advance, label portions and nutrient content, and describe nutritional components; encourage people with nutritional status to recommend corresponding recipes.

5. Formulate and implement the nutritional operation norms of collective catering units, and carry out activities to create demonstration canteens and restaurants. Consumers in the catering industry and collective canteens are encouraged to provide nutrition labels. Encourage the publication of dietary guidance and recipes suitable for age and geographical groups. Encourage the development of traditional food care services, promote the research and development of traditional food care products and industrial upgrading.

1. Comprehensively promote the implementation of the "National Nutrition Plan (2017-2030)", and carry out nutrition and dietary guidance according to local conditions. Implement nutritional interventions for key populations in poverty-stricken areas, and incorporate nutritional interventions into poverty alleviation work. Continue to promote the implementation of the nutrition improvement plan for rural compulsory education students and the nutrition improvement project for children in poverty-stricken areas. (The Ministry of Health takes the lead, and the Ministry of Education and the Poverty Alleviation Office of the State Council are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

2. Advancing nutrition and policy research. Research, formulate and implement a nutritionist system. Kindergartens, schools, elderly care institutions, and collective feeding units in hospitals are equipped with nutritionists, and communities are equipped with nutrition instructors. Strengthen clinical nutrition work, standardize nutritional screening, assessment and treatment. (The Health Commission, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Justice, and the Ministry of Finance are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

3. Improve the food safety standard system, formulate basic nutrition standards for food safety, and promote the construction of a food nutrition standard system. Develop nutrition-oriented agriculture and food processing industries. The government should speed up research and formulate standards to limit the production and sales of high-sugar foods. Increase publicity efforts to promote the production and consumption of low-sugar or sugar-free foods. Implement food safety inspection and testing capabilities to meet standards, and strengthen food safety sampling inspections and risk monitoring. (The Health Commission, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, and the State Administration for Market Regulation are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

4. Accelerate the revision of the general principles of prepackaged food nutrition labeling, increase the mandatory labeling of sucrose, encourage enterprises to make "low sugar" or "sugar-free" claims, and actively promote the use of "front-of-package (FOP)" information on food packaging to help consumers choose Food, strengthen the supervision and management of pre-packaged food nutrition labels. Research and promote the formulation of nutritional operation specifications for group meals for special groups, and explore the addition of "sugar" labels to pilot catering foods. Research and improve the packaging standards for oil, salt, and sugar, and the outer packaging should indicate information about the recommended daily consumption of a reasonable amount of oil, salt, and sugar. (The Health Commission takes the lead, the State Administration for Market Regulation and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology are responsible)

Life lies in exercise, and exercise requires science. Scientific physical activity can prevent disease, promote body and mind. According to the 2014 national fitness activity survey conducted by the General Administration of Sport of China, 33.9% of urban and rural residents in my country participated in physical exercise, of which 14.7% of residents aged 20 to 69 exercised. At the same time, changes in cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, muscle strength, muscle endurance, and body composition indicators are not optimistic, and most residents still have blindness when participating in sports activities. Regular and moderate physical activity can help prevent and improve overweight and chronic diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, and can promote spirit, improve quality of life and well-being, and promote society.

By 2022 and 2030, 90.86% and 92.17% of urban and rural residents will meet the requirements of the "National Physique Measurement Standard"; participate in physical exercise (the frequency of participating in physical exercise is 3 times or more per week, and the duration of each physical exercise is 30 minutes 37% and above and 40% and above; the open rate of school sports facilities exceeds 70% and 90%; the per capita sports field area reaches 1.9m2 and above and 2.3 m2 and above; the per capita length of urban jogging sidewalks and greenways continues to increase; there are 1.9 and 2.3 social sports instructors per thousand people; the coverage of sports facilities in rural administrative villages basically achieves coverage and the coverage rate is 100%.

Advocate agencies, enterprises and institutions to carry out inter-work exercises; encourage individuals to have one sport or master one traditional sport, participate in one fitness organization, and do moderate-intensity exercise for half an hour every day; encourage medical institutions to provide exercise promotion guidance services, encourage and guide Social sports instructors provide scientific fitness guidance services to local people in fitness places to improve fitness effects and prevent sports injuries; encourage public sports venues and facilities to provide more and better free or fee-based open services, and ensure that all social sports venues and facilities of qualified enterprises and institutions open.

1. Understand the benefits of exercise. It is recommended that individuals increase awareness of physical activity and develop exercise habits. Understand and master the knowledge related to national fitness and physical activity, integrate physical activity into daily life, master sports skills, hyperactivity, reduce sedentary, maintain weight; scientific exercise to avoid exercise risks.

2. Movement is beneficial, and persistence is the most important thing. Before exercising, it is necessary to understand the medical history and family medical history, evaluate the physical condition, encourage family doctors or professionals to formulate an exercise program, choose the appropriate exercise method, intensity and amount of exercise, and reduce exercise risks. Encourage moderate-intensity exercise for more than 30 minutes each time, more than 3 times a week, or accumulatively 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of high-intensity physical activity. In daily life, you should be more active, reaching 6,000 to 10,000 steps of physical activity per day. Eat a dynamic balance, let the excess energy intake be consumed by exercise, and achieve the various functions of the body. A campaign includes warm-up activities, formal sports, and finishing activities. A week of exercise and fitness includes aerobic exercise, strength exercises, and flexibility exercises. It is recommended that families be equipped with small, portable, and operational fitness equipment suitable for family members.

3. Exercise for the elderly can help maintain physical function and slow down the deterioration of cognitive function. Advocate the elderly to do what they can, choose their own physical fitness and suitable exercise methods. At the same time as paying attention to aerobic exercise, pay attention to muscle strength exercises and flexibility exercises, carry out capacity training, musculoskeletal system, and prevent falls. It is recommended that the elderly regularly measure blood pressure and blood sugar during exercise, and adjust the amount of exercise.

4. Special groups, such as pregnant women, patients with chronic diseases, and the disabled, are advised to exercise under the guidance of doctors and sports professionals. Simple patients should reach the recommended amount of exercise for adults. To control your weight, you need to do more than 45 minutes of moderate and low-intensity exercise every day. In the process of weight loss, it is recommended to emphasize muscle strength exercises to avoid loss of muscle and bone weight. Advocate a combination of exercise and diet control to reduce weight.

5. Physical labor is the main group. Pay attention to the combination of work and rest, avoid "overwork", and exercise to promote the overall development of the body. After working for a period of time, you can change to a relaxation exercise method to reduce muscle soreness and eliminate local pain, but the amount and intensity of exercise are too high.

1. Establish and improve fitness organizations around the masses. Sports associations will cover cities, counties, and townships, and individual sports associations will extend to the masses, allowing people who want to exercise to join sports organizations.

2. Hold all kinds of national fitness competitions and implement popularization plans for mass winter sports. Develop fitness programs with Chinese characteristics, and carry out ethnic, folk, and folk sports activities. Promote and popularize traditional sports such as Tai Chi and Health Qigong. Promote national fitness into the family. Promote and popularize radio gymnastics gymnastics. Implement national physical exercise standards and sports level standards.

3. Carry forward the fitness culture around the masses, produce sports-themed film and television, and animation works, encourage the development of voluntary fitness services for the whole people, popularize knowledge of sports and fitness culture, and enhance fitness awareness.

4. Encourage the determination of national physique to be included in the physical examination items. Medical and health institutions at all levels carry out exercise risk assessment and provide fitness programs or exercise promotion and guidance services.

1. Promote the construction of the basic public sports service system, coordinate the construction of fitness facilities for all, build a number of sports parks and community fitness centers, promote the construction of urban jogging paths, and strive to create a "15-minute fitness circle" around the people, so that There is a place for those who want to exercise. Improve financial subsidies, service charges, social participation in management and operation, and safety and security measures, promote the opening of public sports facilities for free or for a fee, and ensure that public sports venues and facilities and sports venues and facilities of enterprises and institutions that meet the opening conditions are all open to the society. Encourage social forces to organize or participate in the management and operation of sports facilities. (The General Administration of Sports takes the lead, and the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

2. Build a scientific fitness system. Establish a method of promoting and guiding the movement of people, the environment, and physical conditions, and promote the formation of a "combination of physical and medical" disease management service model. Build a sports injury prevention, treatment and first aid system to improve the ability to prevent and treat sports injuries. Encourage and guide social sports instructors to provide scientific fitness guidance services to local people in fitness places to improve fitness effects and prevent sports injuries. (The General Administration of Sports takes the lead, and the Health Committee is responsible)

3. Formulate and implement a quality intervention plan for special populations. Encourage and support new workplaces to build fitness venues. Strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of the physical level of college students, and the physical level of college students will be included in the assessment and evaluation of colleges and universities. Ensure the time of physical education for college students, the form and content of physical exercise for college students. (The General Administration of Sports takes the lead, and the Ministry of Education and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

Tobacco smoke contains a variety of known carcinogens, and there is sufficient evidence that smoking can cause a variety of malignant tumors, as well as diseases of the respiratory system and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems. The World Health Organization reports that one out of every three smokers dies from smoking-related diseases, and the average life expectancy of smokers is shortened by 10 years. Tobacco harm has become one of the public health problems in the world today. To this end, the World Health Organization formulated the first international public health treaty – the "Framework Convention on Tobacco Control" (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"). my country signed the "Convention" in 2003, approved by the National People's Congress in 2005, and officially entered into force in January 2006. There are more than 300 million smokers in my country, and there is an urgent need to prevent tobacco hazards. Smoking-related diseases cause more than 1 million deaths each year, and second-hand smoke exposure causes more than 100,000 deaths.

By 2022 and 2030, the smoking rate of people over the age of 15 will be lower than 24.5% and 20%; the proportion of the population protected by comprehensive smoke-free laws will reach 30% and above and 80% and above; Party and government organizations at all levels will be built into smoke-free institutions, A nationwide ban on smoking in indoor public places, indoor workplaces, and public transportation; businesses and businesses that sell tobacco to minors in violation of relevant laws and regulations, and issue tobacco advertisements are included in the "blacklist" of the social integrity system, and joint efforts are implemented in accordance with laws and regulations. discipline.

Advocate individuals to quit smoking, when is it too late; create a smoke-free family to protect family members from the harm of second-hand smoke; leading cadres, doctors and teachers play a leading role; encourage enterprises and units to introduce a comprehensive indoor smoke-free policy, and employees create a smoke-free working environment. Help employees quit smoking.

1. Fully understand the serious hazards of smoking and second-hand smoke exposure. Smokers go and try smoking. Smokers quit smoking, quit smoking, when late, drug treatment and nicotine replacement therapy can improve smoking cessation rates. Smoking is prohibited in smoking places.

2. Leading cadres, medical staff and teachers play a leading role. Leading cadres require the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council to play an exemplary role in the "Notice on Matters Concerning the Ban of Smoking in Public Places Leading by Leading Cadres" by the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council. , Help patients to quit smoking; teachers are not allowed to smoke in front of students.

3. Create a smoke-free family, persuade family members to smoke or actively quit smoking, educate minors to smoke, and protect family members from the harm of second-hand smoke.

4. Prohibit smoking places to discourage others from smoking. Complain and report smoking behavior in places where smoking is prohibited according to law, and support the maintenance of a smoke-free environment.

1. Promote smoke-free culture and improve social civilization. Actively use the World No Tobacco Day, World Heart Day, and International Lung Cancer Day health theme days to carry out tobacco control publicity; advocate smoke-free weddings and smoke-free families.

2. Pay attention to the problem of smoking among young people, and create an environment away from tobacco for young people. Tobacco hazards and second-hand smoke hazards and tobacco control related knowledge are included in the education curriculum for primary and secondary school students. Minors sell cigarettes. Strengthen the construction of smoke-free schools.

3. Encourage enterprises and units to issue comprehensive indoor smoke-free regulations, create a smoke-free working environment for employees, and provide support for employees to quit smoking.

4. Give full play to the role of the neighborhood (village) committee and assist in obtaining tobacco control policies within the jurisdiction.

1. Gradually increase the proportion of the population covered by comprehensive smoke-free regulations, and implement a nationwide smoking ban in indoor public places, indoor workplaces and public transportation. Actively promote the construction of a smoke-free environment, and strengthen the supervision and law enforcement of tobacco control in public places. Party and government organizations at all levels will be built into smoke-free organizations. (The Health Commission takes the lead, and the Central Civilization Office and the Tobacco Bureau are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

2. Research and promote the comprehensive measures of taxation and price adjustment to improve tobacco control. (Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, the State Administration of Taxation, and the Tobacco Bureau are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

3. Increase the intensity of publicity and education on tobacco control, strengthen the management of cigarette packaging labels, improve the content and form of tobacco hazard warnings, improve the effect of hazard warnings, and increase the public's awareness of tobacco hazards. Formulate and improve relevant technical standards and supervise their implementation. Restrict smoking scenes in film and television works. (The Health Commission takes the lead, and the Central Propaganda Department, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the State Administration for Market Regulation, the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, and the Tobacco Bureau are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

4. Establish and improve the smoking cessation service system, ask patients about their smoking history into outpatient consultations, and promote brief smoking cessation intervention services and the diagnosis and treatment of tobacco dependence diseases. Strengthen the publicity and promotion of smoking cessation services, so that many smokers know that they can get help in the process of quitting smoking. Create smoke-free hospitals and promote the comprehensive ban on smoking in hospitals. (Responsible for the Health Commission)

5. Fully implement the "Advertising Law of the People's Republic of China", increase the supervision and enforcement of tobacco advertisements, and strictly investigate and deal with illegal tobacco advertisements in mass media, public places, public transportation, and outdoors. Regulate tobacco promotion and sponsorship in accordance with the law. (The State Administration for Market Regulation, the Ministry of Transport, the National Railway Administration, and the Civil Aviation Administration are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

6. To comply with the requirements of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, accelerate the research and establishment of a sound tobacco product ingredient control and information disclosure system. Strengthen the independence and authority of national tobacco product supervision and monitoring, improve the tobacco product safety testing and evaluation system, ensure fairness and transparency, and protect the public's right to know and supervise. (The Health Commission, the State Administration for Market Regulation, and the Tobacco Bureau are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

7. Prohibit minors from selling tobacco products. Businesses that sell tobacco to minors who violate relevant laws and regulations, companies and businesses that publish tobacco advertisements, are included in the "blacklist" of the social integrity system, and joint punishment is implemented in accordance with laws and regulations. (The Health Commission, the State Administration for Market Regulation, the Tobacco Bureau, and the Ministry of Education are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

8. Strengthen the tobacco control work of professional institutions at all levels, appoint special personnel to be responsible for the organization and implementation of relevant work, and ensure funding. Establish a monitoring and evaluation system, conduct regular surveys on tobacco prevalence, and learn about tobacco use. (The Ministry of Finance and the Health Commission are responsible for the division of responsibilities)

Mental health is a state of reasonable cognition, emotional stability, behavior, interpersonal relationship, and adaptation to changes in the process of human growth and development, and is a component part. At present, the number of people with mental disorders and psychological and behavioral problems in our country is increasing, and vicious cases (incidents) caused by personal extreme emotions occur from time to time. The prevalence of depression in my country is 2.1%, and the prevalence of disorders is 4.98%. As of the end of 2017, there were 5.81 million people with mental disorders registered nationwide. At the same time, the awareness rate of mental disorders and psychological and behavioral problems among the public is still low, and there is a lack of prevention and treatment knowledge and awareness of seeking medical treatment actively. Some patients and their families have a sense of stigma. Strengthening mental health promotion can help promote social and interpersonal relationships and improve public well-being.

By 2022 and 2030, the mental health literacy level of residents will increase to 20% and 30%; the prevalence of insomnia, disorder, and depression will slow down; the psychiatric practice (assistant) physicians per 100,000 population will reach 3.3 and 4.5; the treatment rate of depression increased by 30% and 80% on the existing basis; the registered treatment rate of schizophrenia reached 80% and 85%; the standardized management rate of registered patients with mental disorders reached 80% and 85%; Mental health medical institutions, community rehabilitation institutions, social organizations, and families connect with the community rehabilitation service system for mental disorders, establish and improve mental health education, psychological hotline services, psychological assessment, psychological counseling, psychotherapy, and psychiatric treatment. Psychological assistance service model.

Advocate adults to sleep for 7-8 hours a day; encourage individuals to correctly understand symptoms and symptoms, and master basic emotional management and stress management self-psychological methods; all kinds of clinical medical personnel actively master mental health knowledge and skills, and apply them in clinical diagnosis and treatment activities.

1. Improve mental health awareness and pursue mind and body. Everyone may encounter a variety of mental health problems in their life. Actively learn and understand mental health knowledge, scientifically understand the mutual influence between mental health and physical health, maintain positive emotions, and avoid continuous negative emotions caused by physical health. Advocate the concept of cultivating morality and health, maintain the neutral way, and improve psychological resilience. In the treatment of physical diseases, we must pay attention to the role of psychological factors.自我不能缓解时,可选择寻求心理咨询心理治疗,及时疏导情绪,预防心理行为问题和精神障碍发生。


































































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Further reading…

















下一步,交通保障组将优化提升天气应对处置能力,全力做好赛时通行和涉奥人员运输服务保障。 Thanks!


























需要。无论您居住地或户口哪里,您可以选择中国境内觉得地点进行面谈。 您可以travel.state.gov上查看中国各使领馆可预约到面谈日期。




需要,如果您签证,您可以使用新旧两本护照到美国旅行,前提是签证未损坏,且旅行主要目的签证类型相符(例如: 如果主要旅行目的旅游,签证旅游签证)。另外,两本护照上姓名其他个人信息,且两本护照是同一国家签发同一类型护照(即旅游护照或外交护照)。
















“约束力”定义国家、城市和个人情况差异而有所区别。例如,约束力可以是工作、住宅、家庭成员及银行存款。“约束力”涉及一个人生活方方面面,使其所在国家具有联系: 如财产、职业、社会及家庭关系。

请仔细考虑您自己国家约束关系。其他国家签证官能否相信您有放弃当前居住权正当理由? 如果申请人有工作、家庭、自己购买或租赁住宅或公寓,或是有其他承诺使自己出国访问后回国,有可能签证官审查。申请人实际情况各不相同。



因214(b)条款拒签申请人应认真考虑自己情况,并约束力作出理性评估。采用书面记录方式,列出自己认为具有、而签证官面谈时可能没有予以考虑约束力。此外,申请人若拒签,应仔细检查呈交给签证官材料。214(b)条款拒签申请人可以申请签证。申请时,申请人应提供签证官审阅过新材料,证明自己具有约束力,或是上次拒签后个人情况发生改变。决定申请前,请考虑以下问题: (1) 我是否描述了自己情况? (2) 签证官有没有什么问题? (3) 我是否有材料来证明自己美国境外居住权及约束力?









注意: 核实批件,大使馆或总领事馆需要申请人提供I-129批件编号,以及I-797批件。请面谈时携带这两份材料。




L-1签证申请人(持Blanket- 经移民局批准公司通用申请书)支付打假侦查费。个人L类及H-1B类和H-2B类签证申请,申请书提交USCIS后,美国雇佣公司缴纳打假侦查费和边境安全法案费。

I-20表是美国政府官方表格,获得认证美国学校签发,准备入学就读非移民学生持有此表方可申请F-1或M-1签证。I-20表可作为入学证明,其中包含支付SEVIS I-901费用、申请签证或变更签证状态所需信息。I-20表上有学生SEVIS系统编号,位于右上角条码正上方,字母N开头,后接九位数字。





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